Common Eye Diseases You Might Want To Know

There are many different types of eye disease, Some eye diseases don’t present with any early symptoms and you’ll not notice any change in the appearance of your eyes or with your vision until the disease has progressed, so we recommend that you protect your vision with regular eye assessments at your local optician or eye hospital, because early treatment is the best way to prevent long-term problems.

But if you’re currently experiencing problems and wondering whether you might be suffering from an eye disease or eye disorder, here is our list of the most common eye diseases and their associated symptoms:

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cataract is a clouding of the lens, causing blurry or color-tinted vision. People with cataracts often report “haloes” surrounding objects they’re looking at, particularly at night. This condition is most common in older adults.

Because cataracts are a natural part of the ageing process there is no known cause, but they can be closely associated with diabetes and more common in those with family members who have been affected. They are so common that over 90% of people with experience cataracts at some point in their lifetime.

The cause of cataracts is not known but the cloudy lens is a result of a chemical change in the eye. This may be due to age, heredity, injury or disease.

Signs and symptoms of cataracts:

  • Cloudy vision
  • Poor night vision
  • Double vision
  • Glare from bright lights
  • Cloudy film over the natural lens

Age-related macular degeneration

Age-related Macular degeneration is the name given to the damage to the central portion of retina, known as the macula. With its ability to focus central vision in the eye, macula helps us read, view objects in detail, recognize colors and faces, drive a car and get a detailed image of an object.

Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in the US. It is caused by changes in the macula, the part of the retina responsible for clear vision.

Signs and symptoms of Age-related macular degeneration:

  • Cloudy vision
  • Poor night vision
  • Double vision


Glaucoma does not refer to one single eye condition, but rather a range of conditions that are connected to damage to the optic nerve – most often caused by increased intraocular pressure. In severe cases, left untreated, it can lead to blindness, so it is incredibly important to have your eyes examined and begin treatment as soon as possible.

It is increased pressure of the fluid inside the eye. This can cause optic nerve damage. Glaucoma is a common cause of blindness. Age, race, and family history are important risk factors.

Signs and symptoms of Glaucoma:

  • Blurred vision
  • Headaches
  • Sickness and vomiting
  • Multi-coloured halos
  • Pain in the eyes

Diabetic retinopathy 

Diabetic retinopathy is one of many health problems that can be caused by diabetes.

This eye disease is caused by the leaking, swelling or branching of the small blood vessels in the retina.

It causes blurred or dark spots in the field of vision and can eventually lead to blindness.

The best way to avoid these vision problems is to keep your blood sugars under control, and see your eye doctor every year for a dilated eye exam. Proper care can lessen complications.

Retinitis pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa is a condition of the retina where the cells called rods degenerate over time.

This is a condition that is inherited from your parents.

As the disease progresses, individuals lose their ability to see in low light conditions and over time they may lose their peripheral vision.

See your eye doctor if you think you have retinitis pigmentosa or if you have a family history of this disease


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Ann is passionate about helping patients with chronic conditions manage their diseases. She is dedicated to helping people in their journey to achieving good health in the most natural an affordable way possible. She believes that educating people is the best way to improve their general health

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