Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is of different types. We conclude that when someone is suffering from diabetes it must be as a result of the pancrease not producing enough insulin. While this is true in a particular type of diabetes, it is not true in every case.
We have different types of diabetes and not all of them is as a result of low amount of insulin. Of course insulin plays a vital role in the regulation of blood sugar but not every diabetic condition is as a result of its low availability.
if this is true, what then are the types of diabetes? Are they worse than what we originally thought diabetes was? Can they be treated?
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is a diabetic condition which builds up due to the pancrease producing little or no insulin. The insulin regulates the blood sugar levels. When we take in food, the beta cells in the pancrease releases insulin into the blood stream(Our blood sugar rises when we eat). The insulin ensures that the blood maintains a normal blood sugar range by distributing the blood sugar to the body cells as they need it for energy.
Type 1 Diabetes builds up because the islets of langerhans(in the pancrease) produce little or no insulin leading to rise in blood sugar levels. This is Type 1 Diabetes.
Causes – Why causes Type 1 Diabetes
In the body of a Type 1 Diabetic Patient, the pancrease produce little or no insulin. This can happen as a result of the following:
- When the immune system is activated automatically to destroy the beta cells(in the islets of langerhans) responsible for the production of insulin. No one knows why the immune system is activated to do such a thing, and this automatic activation cannot be prevented.
- Exposure to viruses and other diseases that might have destroyed the beta cells.
- Genetics : When the disease is passed through gene from parent to child.
There is no known way of preventing Type 1 Diabetes.
- Urinate frequently
- Increased thirst
- Bed-wetting in children, even in ones who initially don’t bed-wet
- Mood swings
- Blurred Vision
- Weight loss
- Diabetes Ketoacidosis (DKA)
- Extreme Hunger.
Unfortunately, Type 1 Diabetes cannot be treated. It can only be managed. Type 1 Diabetic patient manage the disease by injecting themselves with insulin consistently every day. They also watch what they eat. Although the food we eat have no effect in preventing Type 1 Diabetes, but they actually play a role in managing it.
Type 2 Diabetes
In a Type 2 Diabetic patient, the pancrease produces insulin but the body cells are insulin resistant. This means that they refuse to receive the glucose the insulin distributes to them. Due to this, the blood sugar continues to build up leading to High blood sugar.
Type 2 Diabetes builds up when the body cells become insulin resistant. It is unknown why the body becomes insulin resistant but there are risk factors that can contribute to this type of diabetes.
These Risk factors include:
- Distribution of fats, mainly around the abdomen
- Inactivity, Little or no body exercise
- Race: Type 2 Diabetes occur mostly in African-Americans, Hispanic, Native Americans and Asians than in Whites.
- Darkened skin especially around the armpits or neck. This indicates insulin resistance.
- Gestational Diabetes
- Healthy eating
- Get involved in exercise.
- Be more active
- Lose weight
- Avoid sitting or resting in a place for too long
Many strongly believe that Type 2 diabetes has no cure, but this is not the case. Several testimonies have been made concerning people who previously suffered from Type 2 diabetes and cured it using natural means. Most of them said they used natural supplements and claimed was more effective than the synthetic medical means.
Doctors still claim it cannot be cured, but is this really true?
Among all the types, this is a completely different type of diabetes. It is only found in pregnant women. The patient here generates high blood sugar which were originally normal before the pregnancy, and this usually stabilizes back to normal after the pregnancy.
One suffering from gestational diabetes can still have a healthy baby if the condition is properly managed. When the baby is born, Gestational diabetes usually goes away. It also increases the risk of the mother having Type 2 Diabetes in the future.
During pregnancy, placenta produces hormones that can lead to a buildup of glucose in the blood. This hormones cause the rise in blood sugar because they impair the actions of the insulin on the cells. Almost all the hormones produced by the placenta counter the actions of the insulin. As the baby grows, more hormones are produced hence the increase in blood sugar. This is the reason why gestational diabetes happen within 24-28 weeks of the pregnancy.
There are also risk factors that can increase the possibility of sufering from gestational diabetes. They include:
- Overweight before pregnancy
- Having a family history of diabetes
- have had gestational diabetes before
- suffers from high blood pressure and other medical complications
- If you are an African=American, Asian, Hispanic, or Native American
- Have had a still birth before
- Have given birth to large baby before(over 9 pounds)
- if age is greater than 25
Gestational Diabetes do not cause noticeable symptoms in most women. Some may suffer from it and have absolutely no idea that they have gestational diabetes.
To know if one is suffering from gestational diabetes, the doctor normally runs a blood test an hour after the patient has taken something sugary. This is done to know what the patients body will do with all that sugar. If her blood samples turn out to have normal levels of blood sugar, then she does not have gestational diabetes. But if they have high level of blood sugar, then they will be need to run further test to know if she has gestational diabetes.
- Eat healthy
- Lose weight before pregnancy
- Be more active, indulge more in body exercise
Although there are different types of diabetes, but they all have one thing in common. They all build up as a result of high blood sugar. Hence a general definition of diabetes would be “a chronic condition of high blood sugar”. Each of them have their causes and occur in different situations. They may be slightly similar, but they have differences that are important to note when treating them.