What is Diabetes?

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic condition or disease that occurs when the body do not produce the amount of insulin required for regulating blood sugar levels leading to increase in blood sugar.

Now all these may not make too much sense. I’ll try and see if I can make it a bit clearer for you to understand.

Diabetes is a disease, that fact has been established. But what about the other terms in the definition above. Not everyone knows what an insulin is. Also, not many people understand the term ‘blood sugar’. But no need to worry. We’ll look into all that in this article.

What is Insulin?

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancrease. The beta cells in the pancrease are responsible for the production of insulin.

Why do my body need insulin?

Our body needs the sugar(glucose) present in the food we eat for energy. Every cell, organ or tissue in our body requires energy to keep functioning well. When we eat, the pancrease releases insulin into our bloodstream and through this medium it distributes and stores glucose in our body cells. Why does it need to do this? Because every time we eat, our blood sugar rises. So the insulin is released in other to regulate our blood sugar levels by distributing glucose to the cells.

Blood Sugar, What’s that all about?

The term “Blood Sugar” is self explanatory. It is simply the sugar present in the blood. It can also be referred to as glucose. The body breaks down carbohydrates present in the food we eat to simple sugar(glucose) through digestion. It is this simple sugar present in our blood that we refer to as blood sugar.

If our blood sugar level is higher than necessary, the insulin help store the unused sugar in our liver. When our blood sugar level is low, the insulin releases so it can be used for energy. This shows how important the insulin is to the bod. It plays the role of maintaining and regulating a normal blood sugar level.

With these explnation I hope the definition of Diabetes above will make much sense.

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